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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Poetry of Architecture, by John Ruskin

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Title: The Poetry of Architecture

Author: John Ruskin

ReleaseDate: February 16, 2006 [EBook #17774]

Language: English

Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1

*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE POETRY OF ARCHITECTURE ***

Produced by Juliet Sutherland, Suzanne Lybarger, and the
Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net

THE COMPLETE WORKS

OF

JOHN RUSKIN

VOLUME I

POETRY OF ARCHITECTURE

SEVEN LAMPS OFARCHITECTURE

Library Edition

THE COMPLETE WORKS

OF

JOHN RUSKIN

POETRY OF ARCHITECTURE
SEVEN LAMPS
MODERN PAINTERS

Volume I

NATIONAL LIBRARY ASSOCIATION
NEW YORK, CHICAGO

THE POETRY OF ARCHITECTURE;

OR,

THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE NATIONS OF EUROPE CONSIDERED IN ITS ASSOCIATION WITH NATURAL SCENERY AND NATIONAL CHARACTER.

CONTENTS.

PAGE
INTRODUCTION 1
PART I.—THECOTTAGE.
I. THE LOWLAND COTTAGE—ENGLAND AND FRANCE 7
II. THE LOWLAND COTTAGE—ITALY 15
III. THE MOUNTAIN COTTAGE—SWITZERLAND 25
IV. THE MOUNTAIN COTTAGE—WESTMORELAND 35
V. A CHAPTER ON CHIMNEYS 45
VI. THE COTTAGE—CONCLUDING REMARKS 57
PART II.—THE VILLA.
I. THE MOUNTAIN VILLA—LAGO DI COMO 67
II. THE MOUNTAIN VILLA—LAGO DI COMO (CONTINUED) 80
III. THE ITALIAN VILLA (CONCLUDED) 94
IV.THE LOWLAND VILLA—ENGLAND 104
V. THE ENGLISH VILLA—PRINCIPLES OF COMPOSITION 113
VI. THE BRITISH VILLA.—PRINCIPLES OF COMPOSITION.
(THE CULTIVATED, OR BLUE COUNTRY, AND THE WOODED, OR GREEN COUNTRY) 126
VII. THE BRITISH VILLA.—PRINCIPLES OF COMPOSITION.
(THE HILL, OR BROWN COUNTRY) 145
LIST OF PLATES.

Facing Page
Fig. 1. Old Windows; from an early sketch by the Author 13
" 2. ItalianCottage Gallery, 1846 20
Cottage near la Cité, Val d'Aosta, 1838 21
" 3. Swiss Cottage, 1837. (Reproduced from the Architectural Magazine) 28
" 4. Cottage near Altorf, 1835 29
" 5. Swiss Châlet Balcony, 1842 32
" 6. The Highest House in England, at Malham 42
" 7. Chimneys. (Eighteen sketches redrawn from the Architectural Magazine) 48
" 8. Coniston Hall, from the Lake near Brantwood, 1837.(Reproduced from the Architectural Magazine) 50
" 9. Chimney at Neuchatel; Dent du Midi and Mont Blanc in the distance 20
" 10. Petrarch's Villa, Arquà, 1837. (Redrawn from the Architectural Magazine) 98
" 11. Broken Curves. (Three diagrams, redrawn from the Architectural Magazine) 101
" 12. Old English Mansion, 1837. (Reproduced from the Architectural Magazine) 116
" 13. Windows. (Threedesigns, reproduced from the Architectural Magazine) 122
" 14. Leading Lines of Villa-Composition. (Diagram redrawn from the Architectural Magazine) 164
[Pg v]

PREFATORY NOTES.

Of this work Mr. Ruskin says in his Autobiography:—"The idea had come into my head in the summer of '37, and, I imagine, rose immediately out of my sense of the contrast between the cottages of Westmoreland and those ofItaly. Anyhow, the November number of Loudon's Architectural Magazine for 1837 opens with 'Introduction to the Poetry of Architecture; or the Architecture of the Nations of Europe considered in its Association with Natural Scenery and National Character,' by Kata Phusin. I could not have put in fewer, or more inclusive words, the definition of what half my future life was to be spent in discoursingof; while the nom-de-plume I chose, 'According to Nature,' was equally expressive of the temper in which I was to discourse alike on that, and every other subject. The adoption of a nom-de-plume at all implied (as also the concealment of name on the first publication of 'Modern Painters') a sense of a power of judgment in myself, which it would not have been becoming in a youth of eighteen to...
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