Canada. Society, government, land, economy

  • 01 апр. 2011 г.
  • 1943 Слова
Министерство образования и науки РФ
Тульского государственного педагогического университета
им. Л.Н. Толстого

РЕФЕРАТ на тему:
«Canada. Society, Government, Land, Economy. »

Выполнила: Тарасова Л.А. студентка
ФИиП 1 курса группы 1Б

Проверила: Рыбина О.А.

ТУЛА 2010

This is current whether forecast, easy cold.
Usuallywinters can be harsh in many regions of the country, particularly in the interior and Prairie provinces, which experience a continental climate, where daily average temperatures are near −15 °C but can be stand below −40 °C. with severe wind chills. In noncoastal regions, snow can cover the ground almost six months of the year, more in the north On the east and west coasts, average high temperaturesare generally in the low 20°C, while between the coasts, the average summer high temperature ranges from 25 to 30 °C, with occasional extreme heat in some interior locations exceeding 40 °C.

Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the North America and between the Atlantic Ocean in the east and thePacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area. Canada's common border with the United States to the south and northwest is the longest in the world.

The piece of History.
Canada’s beginning in the late 15th century by british and french expedititors, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearlyall of its colonies in North America in 1763. After Canada became colony of Usa, and Finally Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.

Government, Politcs.
Canada is a federation that is governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is a bilingual nation with bothEnglish and French as official languages at the federal level. One of the world's highly developed countries, Canada has a diversified economy that is reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade—particularly with the United States. It is a member of the NATO and WTO.
The Constitution of Canada is the supreme law of the country, and consists of written text and unwritten conventions.The Constitution Act, 1867 (known as the British North America Act prior to 1982) affirmed governance based on parliamentary precedent and divided powers between the federal and provincial governments.

Management of territories
Canada is a federation composed of ten provinces and three territories. We can to try to groupe into regions: Western Canada, Central Canada, Atlantic Canada,and Northern Canada (the latter made up of the three territories: Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut). Eastern Canada refers to Central Canada and Atlantic Canada together.
Provinces have more autonomy than territories. The provinces are responsible for most of Canada's social programs (such as health care, education, and welfare) and together collect more revenue than the federalgovernment, an almost unique structure among federations in the world. Using its spending powers, the federal government can initiate national policies in provincial areas, such as the Canada Health Act; the provinces can opt out of these, but rarely do so in practice. Equalization payments are made by the federal government to ensure that reasonably uniform standards of services and taxation arekept between the richer and poorer provinces
Canada occupies a major northern portion of North America, sharing the land borders with the contiguous United States to the south and the U.S. state of Alaska to the northwest, stretching from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west; to the north lies the Arctic Ocean. By total area (including its waters), Canada is the...
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