Critically assess karl marx and frederick engels the communist manifesto

  • 17 марта 2011 г.
  • 2535 Слова
Critically assess Karl Marx and Frederick Engels The Communist Manifesto


Political Theory


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14.12.2010
More than a decade has passed since the collapse of the powerfulUnion of Soviet Socialist Republics. Those who are a little more than a decade ago, pronounced the longed for all Soviet schoolchildren “Always ready!” dreaming of a communist future, now serve very different ideals; build a society of advanced capitalism. But, according to Marx, our society took a step backward?
Few in the fall of socialist regimes in Eastern Europe was not certain abouterroneous ideas of socialism. Then it seemed that the ideas of communism do not seize more than so many minds, as it was in the USSR. Society, unexpectedly to him, "saw the light”, aware of all the "evil" wrought by communism. Though now, perhaps, few people realize that evil does not bore the underlying ideology of communism, but by those who put into practice, based only on personal interests.And now we see how the idea of universal social, economic and political equality again germinate in the minds of modern youth, yet not forgotten words of the anthem of the Soviet Union, learns words all Soviet first-graders. And in the West with its capitalist freedom, these ideas have evolved since the Cold War in a variety of ways.
Currently operating and developing the society of thecommunards, hippies, young Trotskyists, the youth wing of the Left parties. Many informal organizations absorbed rapidly growing anti-globalization movement. Almost all of them in favor of limiting the power of money, to attract public attention to the humanitarian, economic, environmental and other issues of our time.
In my work I will try to give a summary of "The Communist Manifesto" and will makeanalyze of this great work of greater scholars as Karl Marx and Frederick Engels.
1. From the introduction: whether the Russian community to move directly into higher form of Communist common ownership? Or she must survive the decomposition process - that is inherent in the historical development of the West.
2. The basis of the political process is historical development.
3. Economic productionand inevitable consequence, a building society in each historical era - the basis of political and intellectual history of this era.
4. The whole story: a story of class struggle between the exploited and the exploiters.
5. The working class has discovered - is not enough political upheaval, it is necessary to rebuild the economic base.
6. Bourgeoisie: owners of the means of social productionand use hired labor.
Bourgeoisie:
• established the dominance of the heavy industry;
• established the world market;
• gained an exclusive political sway in the modern representative state, "State authority - a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie";
• do not leave a connection between people than naked self-interest. Exploitation, veiled illusions (religious,political) has replaced to the open exploitation;
• cannot exist without constantly flips the instruments of production, not revolutionizing the relations of production. If the first condition of existence for all previous classes - keep the old mode of production in unaltered form, the 1-s condition for the existence of the bourgeoisie - the movement;
• through a worldwide market - consumptionhas become cosmopolitan. In place of national isolation - comprehensive communication, a comprehensive relationship with each other;
• produced a world literature - the spiritual cosmopolitanism;
• draws all the barbarian peoples. The cheap prices of commodities - that's heavy artillery, which it destroys the Chinese wall. Under pain of death it compels all nations to adopt its way of production...
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