Eurasian Institute of Humanities
Foreign languages department
Made by: Zhuravleva O., TD4-8
Checked by: Docent Ilyassova A.U.
The English Renaissance was a cultural and artistic movement in England dating from the early 16th century to the early 17th century. It isassociated with the pan-European Renaissance that many cultural historians believe originated in Tuscany in the 14th century. This era in English cultural history is sometimes referred to as "the age of Shakespeare" or "the Elizabethan era", the first period in English and British history to be named after a reigning monarch.
Poets such as Edmund Spenser and John Milton produced works that demonstratedan increased interest in understanding English Christian beliefs, such as the allegorical representation of the Tudor Dynasty in The Faerie Queen and the retelling of mankind’s fall from paradise in Paradise Lost; playwrights, such asChristopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare, composed theatrical representations of the English take on life, death, and history. Nearing the end of the Tudor Dynasty,philosophers like Sir Thomas More and Sir Francis Bacon published their own ideas about humanity and the aspects of a perfect society, pushing the limits of metacognition at that time. England came closer to reaching modern science with the Baconian Method, a forerunner of the Scientific Method.
From the early 16th century until well into the 17th, England felt the grips of a revolution thatwould change the face of the country forever. This revolution had nothing to do with wars or land or expansion; unless you consider the expansion of the minds of the people all over Britain. It was back during the 14th century in the country of Italy in which the renaissance first started and slowly spread across the entire European continent. Known as the pan-European Renaissance, by the 16thcenturywhen the ruler of England was Queen Elizabeth and Shakespeare was the talked about name anywhere you went, the English Renaissance began.
It was during this time period which many refer to as the age of Shakespeare or as the Elizabethan Era in which the English Renaissance was in full swing. It was during this time period in which England gave birth to famous poets like John Milton and EdmundSpencer. These two poets focused on the production of works from which the nation was able to understand the English Christianity beliefs. Christopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare created a vast array of plays in which the concept was the focus on the English way of life and their take on it. It was people like Sir Thomas More and Sir Francis Bacon who during this time period wrote about humanityand perfect societies. It was the philosophers, artists, playwrights and poets who gave birth to the English Renaissance back during the 16th century.
Of course it had taken a while for the pan-European Renaissance to make its way to England because the English mind was considered to be steadfast and accustomed to the way things were and did not want change. For centuries, life in England ran acertain way and the masses had preferred to hold on to these beliefs and ways of life. Of course it would only be a matter of time in which these beliefs would finally be let go of and new marvellous things would be introduced and created by the English. It was to be the War of the Roses that would pave the way and open up the minds of the English and allow the renaissance to finally begin.
Themost profound works of literature were born during this era and much of which is still commonplace in the hearts and minds of people, not just in England, but all over the world. From A Midsummer Night’s Dream to Through the Looking Glass, people all over the world today can attest to having read these as a child or having seen them in the movies. Of course for the vast majority, thanks to Walter...