General assembly

  • 13 марта 2011 г.
  • 468 Слова
General Assembly
United Nations General Assembly hall
The General Assembly is the main deliberative assembly of the United Nations. Composed of all United Nations member states, the assembly meetsin regular yearly sessions under a president elected from among the member states. Over a two-week period at the start of each session, all members have the opportunity to address the assembly.Traditionally, the Secretary-General makes the first statement, followed by the president of the assembly. The first session was convened on 10 January 1946 in the Westminster Central Hall in London andincluded representatives of 51 nations.
When the General Assembly votes on important questions, a two-thirds majority of those present and voting is required. Examples of important questions include:recommendations on peace and security; election of members to organs; admission, suspension, and expulsion of members; and, budgetary matters. All other questions are decided by majority vote. Eachmember country has one vote. Apart from approval of budgetary matters, resolutions are not binding on the members. The Assembly may make recommendations on any matters within the scope of the UN, exceptmatters of peace and security that are under Security Council consideration.
Conceivably, the one state, one vote power structure could enable states comprising just eight percent of the worldpopulation to pass a resolution by a two-thirds vote. However, as no more than recommendations, it is difficult to imagine a situation in which a recommendation by member states constituting just eightpercent of the world’s population would be adhered to by the remaining ninety-two percent of the population, should they object. (See List of countries by population)
Security Council
United NationSecurity Council chamber
The Security Council is charged with maintaining peace and security among countries. While other organs of the United Nations can only make “recommendations” to member...
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