• 21 февр. 2011 г.
  • 978 Слова
Hypotonia is a state of low muscle tone (the amount of tension or resistance to movement in a muscle), often involving reduced muscle strength.
Hypotonia is not a specific medicaldisorder, but a potential manifestation of many different diseases and disorders that affect motor nerve control by the brain or muscle strength.
Recognizing hypotonia, even in early infancy, is usuallyrelatively straightforward, but diagnosing the underlying cause can be difficult and often unsuccessful.
The long-term effects of hypotonia on a child's development and later life depend primarilyon the severity of the muscle weakness and the nature of the cause.
Some disorders have a specific treatment but the principal treatment for most hypotonia of idiopathic or neurologic cause isphysical therapy and/or occupational therapy to help the person compensate for the neuromuscular disability.
Hypotonia is a condition that can be helped with early intervention
Hypotonic patients maydisplay a variety of objective manifestations that indicate decreased muscle tone. Motor skills delay is often observed, along with hypermobile or hyperflexible joints, drooling and speech difficulties,poor reflexes, decreased strength, decreased activity tolerance, rounded shoulder posture, with leaning onto supports, and poor attention and motivation.
The extent and occurrence of specificobjective manifestations depends upon the age of the patient, the severity of the hypotonia, the specific muscles affected, and sometimes the underlying cause.
For instance, some people with hypotonia mayexperience constipation, while others have no bowel problems.
A diagnosis of hypotonia is sometimes considered a form of muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy, depending on the symptoms andthe doctor.
If the cause of the hypotonia is thought to lie in the brain, then it might be classified as a cerebral palsy. If the cause seems to be in the muscles, it might be classified as a...
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