• 25 марта 2011 г.
  • 2591 Слова

1. Member states
2. History
3. Geography
4. Governance
5. Economy
o 5.1. List of member states by GDP (PPP)
6. Education
7. Status of the Palestinian Territories
8. Demographics
9. Religion
10. Comparisons with other organizations
11. Secretaries-General
12. Summits

The Arab League (Arabic: الجامعة العربية‎ al-Jāmiʻaal-ʻArabiyya), officially called the League of Arab States (Arabic: جامعة الدول العربية‎ Jāmiʻat ad-Duwal al-ʻArabiyya), is a regional organisation of Arab states in North and Northeast Africa, and Southwest Asia. It was formed in Cairo on 22 March 1945 with six members: Egypt, Iraq, Transjordan (renamed Jordan after 1946), Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria. Yemen joined as a member on 5 May 1945. The ArabLeague currently has 22 members and four observers. The main goal of the league is to "draw closer the relations between member States and co-ordinate collaboration between them, to safeguard their independence and sovereignty, and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries."
Through institutions such as the Arab League Educational, Cultural and ScientificOrganization (ALESCO) and the Economic and Social Council of the Arab League's Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU), the Arab League facilitates political, economic, cultural, scientific and social programs designed to promote the interests of the Arab world.[3][4] It has served as a forum for the member states to coordinate their policy positions, to deliberate on matters of common concern, to settlesome Arab disputes, and to limit conflicts such as the 1958 Lebanon crisis. The League has served as a platform for the drafting and conclusion of many landmark documents promoting economic integration. One example is the Joint Arab Economic Action Charter which sets out the principles for economic activities in the region.
Each member state has one vote in the League Council, while decisions arebinding only for those states that have voted for them. The aims of the league in 1945 were to strengthen and coordinate the political, cultural, economic, and social programs of its members, and to mediate disputes among them or between them and third parties. Furthermore, the signing of an agreement on Joint Defense and Economic Cooperation on 13 April 1950 committed the signatories tocoordination of military defense measures.
The Arab League has played an important role in shaping school curricula, advancing the role of women in the Arab societies, promoting child welfare, encouraging youth and sports programs, preserving Arab cultural heritage, and fostering cultural exchanges between the member states. Literacy campaigns have been launched, intellectual works reproduced, and moderntechnical terminology is translated for the use within member states. The league encourages measures against crime and drug abuse, and deals with labour issues—particularly among the emigrant Arab workforce.
Member states
The Arab League was founded in Cairo in 1945 by eight countries. There was a continual increase in membership during the second half of the 20th century, with additional 15Arab states and 4 observers being admitted, with a current total of 22 member states.
On February 22, 2011 Following the 2011 Libyan Uprising, and the use of Military Force against civilians, the Arab League Secretary General, Amr Moussa, stated the suspension of Libya in the Arab League, "the organization has decided to halt the participation of the Libyan delegations from all Arab Leaguesessions". This makes Libya the First Country in the League's History to have a frozen membership.
The Arab League was founded on 22 March 1945 by a group of Arab countries, namely Egypt, Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Yemen. It was aimed to be a regional organisation of Arab states with a focus to developing the economy, resolving disputes, and coordinating political aims. Other...
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