Peculiarities of new words in post soviet era

  • 01 марта 2011 г.
  • 781 Слова
Peculiarities of new words and concepts emerged in post soviet era

The paper aims to study and highlight the peculiarities of Russian lexicon that evolved in the post soviet era and markthe changes in the language that took place as an impact and influence of new developments occurring in the political, social and cultural life of Russia. Post soviet era is the period of greattransformation for Russia. Any transformation in the society is reflected by the modification in the language, as language being the integral part of it. Quoting Hudson (2000:392) at this point, who –speaking of language change – says:

“it is rarely noticeable within one generation, but we are often aware that generations before and after ours speak differently, preferring forms and rulesdifferent from those we prefer and even having some different ones. Whenever a language at some point in time is compared with its descendant language even a few years later, the change is obvious”.The tremendous changes occurring in the Russian society post socialism led to the generation and emergence of new words and concepts which could be classified as metaphors, neologism, jargon andslangs. Besides this the language underwent semantic change as the old words were given new connotations and at the same time language assimilated foreign words .

The new termsthat originated in post soviet era carry the metamorphic image of the country and reflect the cognitive and social change in the country. For example the term “katastroika” emerged to mock thefailures of perestroika. The neologism of 90’s is made up of a compound of English word “catastrophe” and Russian word “perestroika”. Alexander Sinoviev used it in the title of his satirical work he wrotein 1989. Then, the term started appearing in the newspapers also, for example, Guardian wrote “Five Years of Gorbachev: Soviet fears of “katastroika”. The word carries a sharp criticism of...
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