• 18 февр. 2011 г.
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This article is about Germanic antiquity and its reception in historiography. For the term Germanic as used in reference to contemporary populations, see Germanic Europe.

Germanic Thing (governing assembly), drawn after the depiction in a relief of the Column of Marcus Aurelius, 193 AD.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic in older literature) are a historical ethno-linguistic group,originating in Northern Europe and identified by their use of the Indo-European Germanic languages, which diversified out of Common Germanic in the course of the Pre-Roman Iron Age. The descendants of these peoples became, and in many areas contributed to, ethnic groups in North Western Europe: Scandinavians (Danes, Swedes, Norwegians, and Icelanders, but not Finns and Sami), Germans (includingAustrians, German-speaking Swiss, and ethnic Germans), Dutch, and English, among others.
Migrating Germanic peoples spread throughout Europe in Late Antiquity (300-600) and the Early Middle Ages. Germanic languages became dominant along the Roman borders (Austria, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium and England), but in the rest of the (western) Roman provinces, the Germanic immigrants adopted Latin(Romance) dialects. Furthermore, all Germanic peoples were eventually Christianized to varying extents. Europe's Germanic peoples, such as the Franks, Saxons, Vandals, Angles, Lombards, Suebi, Burgundians and Goths, transformed the Roman Empire into Medieval Europe. Today Germanic languages are spoken through much of the world, represented principally by English, German, Dutch and the Scandinavianlanguages.
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[edit] Ethnonym
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A depiction on the 8th century CE Tjängvide image stone, often interpreted as Odin riding the eight-legged horse Sleipnir.
[edit] Germanic
Variousetymologies for Latin Germani are possible. As an adjective, germani is simply the plural of the adjective germanus (from germen, "seed" or "offshoot"), which has the sense of "related" or "kindred"[1] or "authentic". According to Strabo, the Romans introduced the name Germani, because the Germanic tribes were the authentic Celts (γνησίους Γαλάτας; gnēsíous Galátas).[2] Alternatively, it may refer fromthis use based on Roman experience of the Germanic tribes as allies of the Celts.
The ethnonym seems to be attested in the Fasti Capitolini inscription for the year 222, DE GALLEIS INSVBRIBVS ET GERM(aneis), where it may simply refer to "related" peoples, namely related to the Gauls. Furthermore, since the inscriptions were erected only in 17 to 18 BCE, the word may be a later addition to the...
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