British system of education is supposedto provide equality of opportunity for all. But it sustains inequality at every stage. It mirrors British social system, as it is class-divided and selective.
British education is rathercomplicated. And it is so because it has grown out of many different causes trying to satisfy many requirements.
… The Act of 1972 announced a 10-year education program setting the school-leaving age 16… …Though the 1972 Act abolished the fee for education in state secondary schools the education authorities made use of other methods of class selection into the privileged types of secondary schools. Thestate policy in education was based upon the theory that intelligence was innate (врожденный) at birth, fixed for life, unchangeable and limited to a minority. Hence every pupil should be educatedaccording to his age, ability and aptitude.
The selection was made on the results of the “eleven plus” (“11+”) examination, taken on leaving primary school. About ¾ of pupils went to Secondary ModernSchools which prepared pupils for manual, skilled and clerical employment. The remaining quarter went to Grammar Schools the pupils of which were expected to go to university or some other forms ofhigher education.
This system gave the chance of a better education to a very small number of children preventing many boys and girls from getting it.
The Labour government’s solution was to introducea new type of school, Comprehensive, which should admit children of all abilities (without “11+” examination) and which should be a combination of Grammar and Secondary Modern Schools under the roof.Between 1965 and 1980 almost all the old Grammar and Secondary Modern Schools were replaced by co-educational Comprehensives.
The result of the reform was very mixed and caused new criticism and...