Традиции великобритании

  • 03 мая 2015 г.
  • 2403 Слова
Traditions and Customs in Britain
Every nation and every country has its own traditions. In Britain tradition play a more important part in the life of the people than in oth­er countries.
The English are very proud of their traditions and carefully keep them. When you come to England you're struck at once by quite a num­ber of customs. Some ceremonies are rather formal, such as the Changingof the Guard at Buckingham Palace, Trooping the Colour, the State open­ing of Parliament. Sometimes you will see a group of cavalrymen riding on black horses through the streets of Lon­don. They wear red uniforms, shining helmets, long black boots and long white gloves. These men are Life Guards. Their special duty is to guard the King or the Queen of Great Britain and very important guests of thecountry.
One of the most impressive and popular displays of royal pageantry is the Changing of the Guard, which takes place at Buckingham Palace every day including Sunday at 11.30. The troops who take part are se­lected from the five regiments of Foot Guards. Their numbers depend on whether the Queen is in residence or not. The men of the duty guard march from either Wellington or ChelseaBarracks to Buckingham Pal­ace with a band.
The guard to be relieved forms at the south end of the forecourt un­der the command of the Captain of the Queen's Guard. The New Guard enters the forecourt by the north gate. As it approaches, the Old Guard is called to attention. The New Guard is then halted to be formed into files before it advances to position at a slow march. While this is taking place,the band plays. Later the band leads the Old Guard back to their bar­racks.

The Ceremony of the Keys
Every night at 9.53 the Chief Warder of the yeomen warders of the Tower of London lights a candle lantern and then makes his way towards the Bloody Tower. In the Archway his Escort awaits his ar­rival. The Chief Warder, carrying the keys, moves off with his Escort to the West Gate, which helocks, while the Escort "presents arms". Then the Middle and Byward Towers are locked.
The party then returns to the Bloody Tower Archway, and there they are halted by the challenge of the sentry. "Halt," he commands. "Who goes there?" The Chief Warder answers, "The keys." The sentry demands, "Whose keys?" "Queen Elizabeth's keys," replies the Chief Warder. "Advance Queen Elizabeth's keys, all'swell," commands the sentry.
At 10 p.m. the Chief Warder proceeds to the Queen's House, where the keys are given into the custody of the Resident Governor.
The Ceremony of the Keys dates back 700 years and has taken place every night during that period. Only a limited number of visitors are ad­mitted to the ceremony each night. Application to see it must be made at least forty-eight hours in advanceat the Constable's office in the Tower.

There are fewer public holidays in Britain than in any other country in Europe. Even New Year's Day wasn't a public holiday in England and Wales until quite recently. Most official holidays occur just before or just after a weekend. There are practically no extra local holidays in particular places.
There are eight holidays a year in Great Britain. Onthese days peo­ple don't go to work. They are: Christmas Day, Boxing Day, New Year's Day, Easter, May Day, Spring Bank Holiday, Late Summer Bank Holiday.
Most of these holidays are of religious origin. But nowadays they have lost their religious significance and are simply days on which people relax, visit their friends. All the public holidays (except New Year's Day, Christmas and Boxing Day) aremovable. They don't fall on the same date each year.
Besides public holidays, there are other festivals, anniversaries, on which certain traditions are observed. But if they don't fall on Sunday, they're ordinary working days.

New Year
In England New Year is 'not as widely observed as Christmas. Some people just ignore it, but others celebrate it in one way or another.
The most common type...
tracking img